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Ingredient Substitutions

Ingredient Substitutions

This Equals This
1 cup sifted all-purpose flour 1 cup unsifted all-purpose flour, minus 2 tbsp
1 1/4 cups sifted cake and pastry flour
1 cup sifted self-rising flour 1 cup sifted all-purpose flour plus 1.5 tsp. baking powder and 0.5 tsp salt
1 cup granulated sugar 1 cup brown sugar, firmly packed
1 tbsp. cornstarch (for thickening) 2 tbsp. flour
2 tsp. quick cooking tapioca
1 tsp. baking powder 1/4 tsp. baking soda plus 3/4 tsp. cream of tartar
1 tsp. double-acting baking powder 1.5 tsp. phosphate baking powder or 2 tsp. tartrate baking powder
1 cup butter 1 cup margarine
1 cup shortening
1 cup buttermilk or sour milk 1 tbsp. lemon juice or vinegar plus enough milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 mins)
1 cup buttermilk 1 cup plain yogurt
1 cup sour cream 1 cup plain yogurt
1 cup milk 1/2 cup evaporated milk plus 1/2 cup water
1 cup cream 3/4 cup milk plus 1/4 butter
1 ounce chocolate 3 tbsp. cocoa plus 1 tbsp. butter or shortening
1 whole egg 2 egg yolks
1 cup tomato sauce 1/2 cup tomato paste plus 1/2 water
1 clove garlic 1/8 tsp. garlic powder
1 tbsp. fresh herbs 1 tsp. dried
Juice of 1 lemon 3 to 4 tbsp. bottled lemon juice

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